Containment of insurgent groups and the ability to carry out humanitarian missions can go hand in hand with modern military equipment. States can also fend off other criminal entities. NIGERIA: Seeking to protect its natural resources, Nigeria strengthened its naval capabilities by acquiring four 54.86-meter buoy tenders from the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) in the early 2000s. These vessels are used to patrol the Niger Delta and protect against oil theft. An additional 15 response boats were acquired to patrol the oil rigs off the coast. Most recently, the Nigerian Navy acquired Thunder, a 115.21-meter high-endurance cutter complete with a helicopter flight deck. The Nigerian Sailors received U.S.-based training prior to sailing the cutter back to Nigeria. By Dialogo January 01, 2012 Beyond the Middle East battlegrounds, William J. McKeever, deputy chief for the Americas division, U.S. Air Force international affairs, also sees the use of similar equipment as a key component to military collaboration. “It is a very strong link from pilot to pilot and technician to technician, very important to security cooperation,” McKeever told Diálogo. “Without common factors, how would we know their tactics, how would they know ours?” The use of the same equipment during operations also leads to a common logistics capability. If a need arises during an operation, spare parts are easily accessible to borrow or buy from partner nations. “Equipment commonality is the cornerstone of cooperation,” said McKeever. While McKeever underscored the importance of having common equipment, he also stressed the value of military-to-military interactions, such as military exercises and exchanges where the equipment is put into practice and relationships are fostered. STATE SOVEREIGNTY AND DISASTER RELIEF Militaries worldwide face a challenging array of responsibilities. Fighting insurgencies, securing national resources, protecting borders and carrying out humanitarian missions are some of the tasks they are charged with. When trusted allies use the same tools, military gains can be magnified exponentially. A COMMON FRONT In the fights in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan, key coalition partners have found success by using the same equipment, often made available by grants from the United States: CANADA: Modernized its lift capability with U.S. Army Chinook (CH-47D) helicopters. The purchase included training and support to help transition from Iraq to Afghanistan alongside other coalition forces. UNITED KINGDOM and AUSTRALIA: Enhanced their aviation programs with unmanned aerial vehicles purchased from the U.S. as well as night vision capabilities. Australia’s forces also boosted its ground capability to protect its troops by using U.S. Army M1A1 Abrams main battle tanks. “This capability will be increasingly important as widespread proliferation of cheap, high-tech and lethal anti-armor, anti-personnel weapons could pose an increasing threat in any future conflict,” said Australia’s former Defence Minister Brendan Nelson. One of the biggest advantages to using similar equipment among partner nations is the exchange of knowledge between armed forces. “There is a common knowledge on the battlefield,” said Keith Webster, deputy assistant secretary of the U.S. Army for defense exports and cooperation, during an interview with Diálogo. “Military-to-military engagement leads to discussions about common operating tactics in the battlefield.” SAUDI ARABIA: The Military modernized its helicopter fleet with an investment in three helicopters from the U.S. Army. This will give its Military and National Guard a modern helicopter capability, with U.S. programs support, until the program is retired in the next 30 years. SINGAPORE: Its current Military capability serves as a stabilizing force to support the autonomy of the state and for humanitarian purposes. A long-standing partnership and military base agreements between Singapore and the U.S. allow for a portion of Singapore’s CH-47 fleet to be stored in the state of Texas. After Hurricane Katrina in the U.S., Singapore assisted with evacuations in New Orleans by deploying its Chinook (CH-47) helicopters to the area. SRI LANKA: In 2004, the Military acquired a 64-meter medium-endurance cutter, the Samudura. The ship’s size enabled the Sri Lankan Navy to extend its reach off the coast and stop the influx of weapons that the terrorist organization, the Liberation Tamil Tigers of Eelam, was bringing ashore. The ship also has been able to help stranded fishermen. m UNITED ARAB EMIRATES: The country expanded its air missile defense capability through the Patriot Missile Program. The multibillion dollar program includes training, maintenance and assistance from U.S. forces in setting up the capability in a long-term military-to-military relationship. YEMEN: Its Coast Guard fleet was modernized to better patrol territorial waters. The USCG has supported the Yemen Coast Guard in advising, training and providing assets during the past decade. In 2011, the USCG transferred two 26.52-meter patrol boats to Yemen. Yemen Coast Guard crews received U.S.-based training on specific systems on the patrol boats and general training and sea trials in the state of Louisiana, where the newly acquired boats were built. Sources: U.S. Air Force, U.S. Army, U.S. Coast Guard, www.news.com.au, Sri Lanka Navy The Tools to Combat Maritime Threats Diálogo spoke with Rear Admiral Joseph W. Rixey, director of the U.S. Navy International Programs Office (IPO), about how his office supports the region against the common maritime threats in the Americas. Diálogo: What are the shared maritime threats in the Americas and how does the Navy IPO help address some of those? Rear Admiral Joseph W. Rixey: Most of them are obvious, counternarcotics and counterterrorism, freedom of the seas, counterpiracy, counter illicit activity, protection of the economic activity zone, and the fifth, which we like to highlight, is the humanitarian crisis and natural disaster. We assist them [partner nations] in acquiring whatever equipment and training and capabilities they need to address these threats; we facilitate partner capacity. We coordinate with the Navy, the Marine Corps and the Coast Guard acquisition commands to meet our ally requirements. Diálogo: What are the most important factors of maritime partnerships? Rear Adm. Rixey: The first thing you start with is trust, and mutual respect for each other’s capabilities. We know the threats, and we identify common objectives. What ends up happening is that you come to a design or a capability that meets that, and of course, what is important about maritime partnerships is interoperability. So that when a threat emerges, any emergent situation, they can expect assistance right away, and that assistance would be seamless and coordinated. Diálogo: How are aircraft and ship transfers facilitating interoperability with Latin American and Caribbean partners? Rear Adm. Rixey: The mechanism is that if you trade like products, if you use similar communications data links, interoperability can occur with common military equipment. Mostly, interoperability is associated with the ability to communicate and develop joint interoperable tactics, techniques and procedures in coalition operations. One such example is in humanitarian relief that we saw in Haiti, the ability to establish communications; that is an interoperability mechanism. Diálogo: Can you explain what “cooperative development” looks like in the Americas? Rear Adm. Rixey: We use a mechanism called a master information exchange agreement between the countries, and what these master information exchange information agreements permit is a reciprocal, or bilateral, exchange of research and development information. So, what we do is exchange information, engineers and scientists exchange programs, and basic discussions which lead sometimes to cooperative development of products. We have been doing a lot of information exchanges. [For example,] a cooperative program with Brazil, with green energy, the way that they do green energy, the way they use their biofuels and manufacture their biofuels and we want to learn from that.
PANAMA CITY – Panamanian authorities seized 1,362 kilos (3,003 pounds) of cocaine stacked in an abandoned speedboat in Cocoyé, a beach in the Caribbean, the National Aeronaval Service said on Aug. 20. The alleged narco-traffickers abandoned the speedboat when they saw the police approaching, according to National Aeronaval Service Deputy Commissioner Jorge Yanis. “There were no detainees because the suspects left during the night hours, jumping to the beach and leaving [the narcotics] behind,” Yanis said. Authorities found 57 packages of cocaine in the boat and two other speedboats nearby. Yanis said the narcotics were probably bound for the United States. The seizure occurred after Colombian authorities alerted Panama to a suspicious speedboat departing from the Urabá gulf, in the Colombian Caribbean, which borders Panama. So far this year, Panamanian law agents have seized 22 tons of narcotics. [AFP (Panama), 20/08/2012; Prensa.com (Panama), 20/08/2012] By Dialogo August 21, 2012
The National System for Disaster Prevention, Mitigation and Assistance (SINAPRED), reported that the 726-meter tall volcano had increased its “seismic pattern” on the morning of June 4, and intensified during the evening. Cerro Negro volcano, one of the most active in the Pacific volcanic range, is located in León department, 90 km to the northeast of Managua, and it is characterized by the emission of fumes and ashes. “It increased its intensity on June 4 in the evening, registering 49 micro tremors, and increased the possibility of a volcanic eruption,” SINAPRED director Guillermo González told the press. Nicaragua is monitoring the activity of Cerro Negro volcano in the northeast of the country after an increase in its seismic activity, and called for tourists and neighbors to avoid climbing its slopes, an official source informed on June 4. The last important activity at Cerro Negro was registered in 1999, when three craters opened on its slope and poured out lava and ash. González explained that the population and tourists visiting the place had been recommended to avoid climbing its slopes until further notice. By Dialogo June 06, 2013
By Myriam Ortega/Diálogo November 04, 2020 In mid-September, the Colombian Navy dealt a new blow to narcotrafficking during an operation conducted in Cauca department, on the Pacific coast of Colombia. Three labs used to process coca base paste, which belonged to dissidents of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, were found and destroyed, the Navy said in a press release.Guided by naval intelligence, troops of the 42nd Marine Riverine Battalion, the 2nd Counternarcotics Battalion, and the 7th Air Command deployed in a hard-to-reach jungle area, where they found three illegal facilities capable of accommodating about 20 people, the Navy said.Guided by naval intelligence, Navy troops found three illegal structures that produced coca base paste in a jungle area of the Cauca department. (Photo: Colombian Navy’s Pacific Naval Force)On site, units found two seedbeds with 60,000 coca plants, 5,640 liters of coca base paste in process, 1,125 kilograms of macerated coca leaves, 9,728.5 liters of gasoline, 200 kg of solid chemical precursors, and several weapons. Service members also found three industrial leaf choppers, three presses, four motor pumps, and an industrial stove, among other tools used to produce the drug, and a fiberglass boat, the Navy reported in the statement.Colombian Marine Corps Colonel Wisner Paz Palomeque, 2nd Marine Brigade commander, told Diálogo that the three labs were capable of producing 2,000 to 3,000 kg of coca base paste monthly.“The [criminal] groups Structure 6 and Structure 30 are the owners of that drug; they own those manufacturing sites and labs that we’re destroying,” Col. Paz said.At the same time, near the mouth of the Bubey River, in Cauca department, the Navy made another seizure. “In one of the controls carried out by Battalion 42, upon inspecting one of the vessels that was crossing the river, that substance [cocaine hydrochloride] was seized,” Col. Paz said. “The drug was bound for one of their clandestine manufacturing sites; we are using intelligence to look for the exact place to be able to destroy that lab.”The vessel, with two crew members on board, carried 20 packages of cocaine, the Navy said. “On several occasions, we’ve seized boats carrying several kilograms, 300, 150 of coca base paste,” Col. Paz said.According to the Pacific Naval Force, in operations carried out along the Pacific coast of Colombia from January 1 to September 29, the Navy destroyed 67 labs; seized 114,759 kg of cocaine, 33,020 kg of marijuana, and 269 long-barreled guns and handguns; and captured 138 people for narcotrafficking.
Gov. Bush proposes 2.5% cut in court system funding February 15, 2001 Regular News Gov. Bush proposes 2.5% cut in court system funding Mark D. Killian Managing Editor Saying taxpayer resources devoted to administration should be kept at the minimum, Gov. Jeb Bush has proposed a $6.5 million reduction in state court system funding. In his recently released 2001-2002 fiscal plan, Gov. Bush said the 2.5 percent cut in judicial branch spending will “ensure that resources in that branch of government are devoted to the core mission of Article V of the Florida Constitution, not to excessive administrative costs.” The budget also calls for no new judges. The Bush budget said court system spending has increased by more than 87 percent in the last 10 years, growing from $160.5 million in 1991-92 to $301 million in this year. “The 10-year increase in the state courts’ budget is 14.8 percent greater than the growth in the entire state budget during this same time,” the budget plan says. “The across the board cut recommended by the Governor’s Office would be difficult for the courts to sustain,” said Lisa Goodner, deputy state courts administrator. ” We are aware of the budget issues the legislature is faced with this session, however, and we are closely examining our budgets to identify areas where reductions might be possible.” The executive budget said recommended cuts in the state courts’ budget will not require the elimination of any judicial officers, and can be realized through reductions in other areas of expenditures. State Court System Overall, last year the court system got $301 million, which funded 2,906 positions. This year the court asked for 5,047 positions and $459.6 million. The Bush budget provides 2,902 positions and $286 million. Much of the difference is in response to the 1998 constitutional amendment that mandated the state take over most of the court system funding. Since its original budget request, the court has lowered the number of positions it originally contemplated it would absorb next year. Bush’s recommendation includes $10.3 million for salary increase costs within the judicial branch. division, the Supreme Court has requested an increase from 229 positions and $19.6 million to 266 positions and $25.9 million. The governor recommends 225 positions and $19.9 million. The five district courts of appeal asked for 442 positions and $50.3 million. This year the DCAs operated with 435 positions and $50.5 million. The governor has recommended 435 positions and $35.1 million. The decrease between what was spent on the DCAs last year and what the Governor is requesting this year is due in large part to a decrease in funding for fixed capital outlay projects which are now complete. The trial courts asked for 4,232 positions and $341.4 million, up from 2,238 positions and $200.1 million. Bush has requested 2,238 positions and $204 million. State Attorneys In support of the major crime initiatives Gov. Bush has signed into law including the 10-20-Life and the Three-Strikes laws the executive budget also recommends $299.9 million and 5,528 positions for the 20 elected state attorneys. The state attorneys have requested 5,946 positions and $338 million. That’s up from 5,521 positions and $288.3 million this year. The budget includes an increase of $7.5 million in statewide funding to increase assistant state attorneys’ salaries “to be competitive with other state employed attorneys.” This funding, the budget said, will provide for minimum salaries of $34,200 for assistant state attorneys with less than two years’ experience and $45,176 for assistants with more than two years’ experience. The funding also provides for proportionate salary increases for assistant state attorneys who already earn more than the proposed new minimums. “It is anticipated that these salary increases will reduce the [assistant state attorney] turnover rate from an average of 16 percent to an average of 10 percent,” the governor’s budget said. “retaining more experienced attorneys, it is also anticipated that there will be an increase in the number of enhanced sentences received by those individuals convicted of the most violent and serious crimes.” Public Defenders The executive budget recommends $136.4 million and 2,450 employees for the 20 elected public defenders, a $6 million increase but the same number of employees as this year. The public defenders asked for 3,153 positions and $211.1 million. The budget includes $4.5 million in statewide funding to increase assistant public defenders’ salaries to be competitive with other state employed attorneys. This funding will provide for minimum salaries of $34,200 for assistant PDs with less than two years’ experience and $45,176 for assistant PDs with over two years’ experience. “It is anticipated that these salary increases will reduce the [assistant] PD turnover rate by over 30 percent,” said the governor’s budget summary. The executive budget also provides $12.7 million and 181 positions for public defenders in each of the five appellate districts. That’s up from $12 million this year, with no increase in positions. The public defenders appellate division asked for $15.3 million and 222 positions. The budget includes $608,884 in statewide funding to increase appellate public defenders’ salaries to be competitive with other state-employed attorneys, and similar to assistant state attorneys and other public defenders. It is anticipated that these salary increases also will reduce the turnover rate by over 30 percent, according to the governor. The executive budget provides $7.7 million and 98 positions to continue the post-conviction representation of capital cases, provided by the three Capital Collateral Regional Counsels. The proposal is down from $8.9 million the CCRCs are operating with this year. The governor, however, said his recommendation provides a continuation of the current year level of service without any reductions. “The total budget comparison between the current year and the recommended budget is smaller because of the funds provided for one-time costs associated with two court decisions,” according to the budget summary. The CCRCs asked for $11.9 million and 133 positions. The executive budget provides $751,308 for the Judicial Qualifications Commission, down from $770,138 this year. The JQC asked for $1.1 million.
Supreme Court is looking for a few good tour guides December 1, 2003 Regular News Supreme Court is looking for a few good tour guides Chief Justice Harry Lee Anstead is inviting attorneys and Florida Supreme Court Historical Society members in the Tallahassee area, as well as faculty and students at Florida State University College of Law and other interested persons, to become docents at the Florida Supreme Court.Plans are underway to expand and enhance the court’s tours program in anticipation of an increasing number of visitors, which will require additional volunteer docents to handle court tours and educate visitors about Florida’s judicial system. A majority of the 8,000 court visitors each year are school children from throughout the state.“During January, we plan to hold a three-hour training session to prepare new docents to conduct tours and to familiarize them with the court, the building, and the various support materials available to docents and visitors,” Chief Justice Anstead said. “After a new docent is trained, he or she is placed in the pool of active docents — who periodically have an opportunity to volunteer for tour assignments based on their own time availabilities.Anstead said the docent program is operated under the umbrella of the Florida Supreme Court Historical Society and is actively supported by the court.“It serves a most worthy purpose — to educate Floridians about our system of justice and make them aware of the courts’ critical role in ensuring our freedoms as Americans,” Anstead said.Anyone interested in becoming a docent may call the Supreme Court Historical Society office at (850) 222-3703 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
Want to serve on a Bar Committee? Want to serve on a Bar Committee? December 1, 2004 Regular News The annual committee preference form for Bar members seeking appointments for the presidential term of President-elect Alan Bookman will again only be available on The Florida Bar’s Web site this year.The forms will be posted at www.flabar.org beginning December 1. If you do not have access to a computer, you may call (850) 561-5600, ext. 6802, and request a form to be mailed or faxed to you.To apply to serve on a committee, members will have to fill out the committee preference form and submit it online, eliminating the need to mail or fax in the completed form. It will be presented in the same format as usual and should only take a minute or two to complete and submit.The move to an electronic committee preference form saves the Bar approximately $10,000 a year.“During my travels around the state many of you have expressed a desire to become involved in the work of the Bar,” Bookman said. “Your participation can really make a difference and now is the time to let me know.”Bookman said committee work is time-consuming and demanding, but is also extremely rewarding.“It provides an opportunity to have meaningful input into matters that are of great importance to our profession and to work with other lawyers with similar interests,” Bookman said, adding that in making the appointments he will consider pervious history of service to the Bar and local voluntary bar organizations. “Diversity in terms of gender, ethnicity, geographics and area of practice will also be of the utmost importance,” he added.Bookman also said for those who are presently serving on a committee, your level of participation and substantive contribution, together with the evaluation of committee chairs, will be carefully considered in making reappointments.There are roughly 500 appointments to be made, and typically 5,000 Bar members apply.If you are currently serving on a standing committee, check the Bar’s Web site at www.flabar.org to determine when your term expires. If your term expires in 2005, you must complete a new form to be considered for reappointment. If you are not currently on a standing committee, and wish to be appointed, complete the form and return it prior to January 14, 2005. If you are serving on a substantive law committee and wish to continue to do so, you also must complete and return this form by January 14, 2005, to retain membership on that committee.“I encourage you to apply and assure you that you will reap the rewards of your efforts,” Bookman said. “I will do my best to accommodate as many applicants as possible and I apologize in advance to those I an not able to appoint.”
THE 2005-06 BAR JOURNAL DIRECTORY September 1, 2005 Regular News THE 2005-06 BAR JOURNAL DIRECTORY will be mailed over the next few weeks. All active Bar members in good standing receive a directory, and may order extras for $35, plus local sales tax. (Nonmember copies are $45, plus tax.) Extra copies may be ordered by visiting the Bar’s Web site at floridabar.org.
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Seaford Middle School was evacuated for a bomb threat on Wednesday morning, Nassau County police said.A police spokeswoman said school officials called 911 at 9:35 a.m. reporting the discovery of “some sort of written threat,” although it wasn’t immediately clear if it was a note or a message written on a wall.Arson/Bomb Squad detectives are on the scene searching the campus.The incident comes a day after Elmont High School was put on lockdown when a student brought a toy gun to school.
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Up to five inches of snow had already fallen on parts of Long Island before noon Monday, with no sign of the winter storm letting up before sundown, according to the National Weather Service.The agency released unofficial snowfall tallies for the tristate area, which is under a winter storm warning through 7 p.m. Monday. The tallies, which NWS compiled from local reports, were the latest as of 11:30 a.m. and included some of the highest amounts in the region.Five inches of snow was recorded shortly after 10 a.m. in Albertson and shortly before 11 a.m. in Mount Sinai, which were both tied for the early highest amounts.Parts of New York City topped out at 4.5 inches so far, Connecticut had 4.1 inches and New Jersey fell a tenth of an inch shy of tying LI with 4.9 inches.On the low end in Nassau, Malverne had 3 inches at 10 a.m. and in Suffolk, Patchogue counted 1.5 inches at 9:15 a.m.Much of the Island had about 3 inches by noon, according to the unofficial early reports.Western LI and NYC were also under a winter storm watch for Wednesday, when another snow storm is forecast to hit the area with a third this week expected this weekend.