Is “fat” a four-letter word?

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Is fat a bad word? Not necessarily. Simply put, fat is just the body’s storage form of energy. If an animal consumes more energy than it uses, the excess calories will be stored as fat — money in the bank to be used in an energy shortage (think cows calving in late winter). Fat also imparts flavor to food (like a T-bone steak) but it also adds calories. So managing fat can be a delicate issue in the cattle business.Presently, eating quality of beef is estimated to a large degree by the amount of marbling (intramuscular fat) that it contains. Tenderness is also important but is generally a function of age (younger is better). Marbling generally increases after the animal attains some maturity and external fattening has occurred. External fat is frequently used as an indication of when cattle will have enough marbling to grade choice or prime. I know what you are thinking — why don’t we just measure marbling? We’re getting to that with ultrasound technology and it would allow us to avoid over finishing (high yield grades) of fed cattle. Ideally, marbling would occur in feedlot cattle with very little external fat being present. We would like to have Choice and Prime quality grades with yield grades of 2 or 3 for our fed cattle. But . . . If we bred cattle to meet this criterion, what would it mean to the beef cow herd? Don’t ever take fleshing ability away from the brood cow herd! It will have a negative effect on reproduction.It is important to understand how cattle fatten so that we can manage them accordingly. Fat is “laid down” from front to back and top to bottom. The fore ribs and spinous processes are covered first then the fat cover continues backward and downward. That’s why folks look for cod fat (in the scrotal area) as an indicator of when cattle are finished. It is the last place to fatten. Loss of body fat happens in reverse order. Fat cover is the basis for condition scoring in beef cattle.Body condition has a definite impact on reproductive performance. Cows should generally be at a Body Condition Score (BCS) of five at the beginning of the breeding season. A cow with a BCS of 5 will have some fat reserves, with fat cover over all the ribs. As cows lose condition (in the reverse order that it was put on) a BCS 5 would become a BCS 4 when they lose condition so there is no cover over the last two ribs. This would mean that the cow has very marginal energy reserves for good reproductive performance. If this loss of condition (fat reserves) continues so that you can see the foreribs (BCS 3), then you have a real problem. Conception rates will suffer.Loss of condition generally happens after calving when dietary energy needs have increased dramatically and feed supplied isn’t meeting those needs. The cow has to “withdraw, from the bank” to meet her nutritional needs. It is important that some energy reserves are available.And what about the herd bulls(s)? We need some energy reserves so that bulls can stay active during the breeding season but … bulls are athletes. They should have muscling, sound feet and legs and be able to sire a large number of calves in a short period of time. At least that is what we say we want but then we frequently buy young, fat bulls that look great at the start of the breeding season and are a wreck before the season is over.Why does this happen? Probably because we confuse fat with muscling. We are looking at thickness as a sign of muscling but it could just be a layer of fat. Fat can “plaster over” thin-muscled cattle. Fat doesn’t move but muscles will “ripple”. Watch the animals as they move. Observe the hindquarters and shoulders. Remember, “if it ain’t movin’, it ain’t muscle!”So managing fat (or condition) is important in the cattle business, especially in the cowherd for optimum reproduction. Fat is important — both too much or too little can be a problem. Astute producers recognize the importance of efficient cattle that can maintain adequate energy reserves without wasting feed resources.last_img read more

Madison Plains’ greenhands recognized with ceremony, jackets

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The greenhand members of the Madison-Plains FFA chapter joined together on Saturday, October 1st to meet their officer team and receive their FFA Jackets.The cost of the jackets was partially paid for by the chapter as a gift for these members, for whom without the chapters future is unknown.Kameron Rinehart, Ohio Vice President at Large spoke to the greenhands and their parents about the benefits and importance of the organization. The officer team is excited to see its newest members accell and develop into tomorrow’s leaders.last_img read more

Video Tutorial: 2D to 3D in Adobe After Effects

first_imgIn this Premiumbeat exclusive video tutorial you’ll learn how to use a displacement map in Adobe After Effects to give your still pictures a 3D effect.Add life to your two dimensional still pictures by giving them a simulated 3D look. There are multiple ways to achieve this in After Effects…and in the following video tutorial we’ll show you how it’s done with a displacement map. The 2D to 3D animation is surprisingly simple.This video tutorial covers:Using the puppet toolUsing the displacement map effectCreating a 3D depth mapThis is just one of the many scenarios in which using a displacement map might be helpful – so it’s a useful After Effects feature to know.Don’t want to watch the video? Follow along with the step-by-step tutorial below. Click any image for larger view.  4Add a displacement map and set the map layer to the depth comp. 5Set the picture layer to 3D and rotate left to right over the y-axis for 3 seconds. Set keyframes to horizontal and vertical displacement. 7Use the puppet tool to keyframe a smile. 1Drag your picture into a new composition and duplicate. 2Use the brush tool to paint the background to black and the foreground to white on the top picture. If you have any questions regarding this tutorial or if you have any quick tips for using the displacement map in After Effects, please comment below! 6Precompose both layers and change the composition to 1280 x 720. 3Blur and precompose the top picture.last_img read more

NIT warns students not to gate crash weddings

first_imgThe National Institute of Technology in Kurukshetra has warned its students against gate crashing weddings near its premises. “It has been reported that some of the students have been going to attend weddings in the city without having invitation. This is not only unethical and immoral but also uncalled for,” a letter sent to hostel inmates by the Chief Warden said. ComplaintsSources in the institute said that off late there have been complaints that students have been gate crashing weddings to skip meals in the mess which is why this directive was issued. The letter directed students to desist from indulging in such type of “uncivilised activities” which also brings a bad name to the institution.Disciplinary action The letter warned students of disciplinary action if they are found doing so. “Disciplinary action as per institute rules will be taken against the students if they are found indulging in such an activity, the letter said.last_img read more