Soil Erosion

first_imgThe key to successfully growing delicious vegetables is maintaining high-quality soil.We sometimes neglect to protect our soil, then rainfall comes and erosion carries our crops away. Erosion control is something that must be considered in gardens because it can protect the precious soils.For 20 years I grew my vegetables near my home in a quarter-acre garden on land that had a slight slope. My wife, a U.S. Department of Agriculture soil conservationist, warned me to protect this garden spot. Luckily, because it was always planted in either cover crops or actual vegetables and the slope was moderate, I never really had a problem with erosion.When I bought a larger farm several years ago and began a new garden site, I witnessed how severely erosion can affect a garden. While this new garden area had much better soil, it also came with much more slope. I knew I was going to need to do something to keep this garden site from washing out in heavy rains. More than once my rows of sweet corn were destroyed by a river of water flowing through the garden.Soil erosion is directly related to several factors, including the type of soil, how much cover is holding the soil, the amount of irrigation or rainfall the soil receives, and how much slope the garden and surrounding area have.When choosing a garden site, it is best to secure an area that is as naturally level as possible. As little as a 2 percent grade can cause nutrients and soil to wash down the slope.The soil makeup can also affect the amount of erosion that can occur. Soils containing large amounts of clay that are not well amended will hold more water and also have the potential to erode faster. Heavily amended organic or sandy-loam soils drain much better and will be more resistant to erosion.University of Georgia Cooperative Extension has several recommendations to preserve your garden soil.Consider planting on a contour or creating small, bedded terraces. If you drive through the countryside, you will often see large farm fields with terrace burns strategically running along the contour of the slope. These are designed to slow the impact of water and carry it to a safe location.While you may not build expensive terraces in your vegetable garden, you can at least plant along a contour to help hold the soil. If you have a soil-bedding implement for your tractor, this will create many terraces that will help control the direction of water flow.Another method of erosion control is to keep some type of crop or cover crop in the garden at all times. In the fall, I plant a cover crop to help build the soil with a “green manure” while at the same time cutting down on erosion. As we get into the planting season of spring, I plan to leave a cover crop between the rows to protect the soil.In my large garden, I also have a grassed waterway which serves as a permanent cover crop in the area where most of the water drains.Tilling the garden can potentially increase the risk of soil erosion. Through the use of mulches and weed fabric or plastic, you can protect against the impact of hard rains and soil erosion.Organic mulches, such as pine straw, wheat straw or partially formed compost, make excellent mulches around plants. They provide moisture control as well as weed protection.Garden soil can also be improved by the addition of organic matter. Particularly in clay-based soils, adding a 4-inch layer of some form of organic matter will increase the infiltration of water in the soil. Organic matter in the form of compost, good top soil or composted manure loosens up hard clay and allows the plant’s root system to spread out further to help hold soil. Be sure to till organic amendments into the soil forming a uniform mixture 8 to 10 inches deep.Moisture also influences erosion. Control the amount of supplemental irrigation you apply. Overhead sprinklers put out a large volume of water and cover both target and nontarget areas in the garden. This can cause erosion when the system runs for too long or too frequently. Consider using soaker hoses or drip irrigation to conserve moisture and prevent excessive buildup of water in the soil.It’s easy to forget to protect the soil from erosion, which can occur quickly and have devastating effects. By following these practical solutions, you should be able to plant a garden and enjoy your harvest of vegetables without the fear of it all sliding downhill.last_img read more

Partnerships + Tools Of The Trade = Mission Success

first_img Containment of insurgent groups and the ability to carry out humanitarian missions can go hand in hand with modern military equipment. States can also fend off other criminal entities. NIGERIA: Seeking to protect its natural resources, Nigeria strengthened its naval capabilities by acquiring four 54.86-meter buoy tenders from the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) in the early 2000s. These vessels are used to patrol the Niger Delta and protect against oil theft. An additional 15 response boats were acquired to patrol the oil rigs off the coast. Most recently, the Nigerian Navy acquired Thunder, a 115.21-meter high-endurance cutter complete with a helicopter flight deck. The Nigerian Sailors received U.S.-based training prior to sailing the cutter back to Nigeria. By Dialogo January 01, 2012 Beyond the Middle East battlegrounds, William J. McKeever, deputy chief for the Americas division, U.S. Air Force international affairs, also sees the use of similar equipment as a key component to military collaboration. “It is a very strong link from pilot to pilot and technician to technician, very important to security cooperation,” McKeever told Diálogo. “Without common factors, how would we know their tactics, how would they know ours?” The use of the same equipment during operations also leads to a common logistics capability. If a need arises during an operation, spare parts are easily accessible to borrow or buy from partner nations. “Equipment commonality is the cornerstone of cooperation,” said McKeever. While McKeever underscored the importance of having common equipment, he also stressed the value of military-to-military interactions, such as military exercises and exchanges where the equipment is put into practice and relationships are fostered. STATE SOVEREIGNTY AND DISASTER RELIEF Militaries worldwide face a challenging array of responsibilities. Fighting insurgencies, securing national resources, protecting borders and carrying out humanitarian missions are some of the tasks they are charged with. When trusted allies use the same tools, military gains can be magnified exponentially. A COMMON FRONT In the fights in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan, key coalition partners have found success by using the same equipment, often made available by grants from the United States: CANADA: Modernized its lift capability with U.S. Army Chinook (CH-47D) helicopters. The purchase included training and support to help transition from Iraq to Afghanistan alongside other coalition forces. center_img UNITED KINGDOM and AUSTRALIA: Enhanced their aviation programs with unmanned aerial vehicles purchased from the U.S. as well as night vision capabilities. Australia’s forces also boosted its ground capability to protect its troops by using U.S. Army M1A1 Abrams main battle tanks. “This capability will be increasingly important as widespread proliferation of cheap, high-tech and lethal anti-armor, anti-personnel weapons could pose an increasing threat in any future conflict,” said Australia’s former Defence Minister Brendan Nelson. One of the biggest advantages to using similar equipment among partner nations is the exchange of knowledge between armed forces. “There is a common knowledge on the battlefield,” said Keith Webster, deputy assistant secretary of the U.S. Army for defense exports and cooperation, during an interview with Diálogo. “Military-to-military engagement leads to discussions about common operating tactics in the battlefield.” SAUDI ARABIA: The Military modernized its helicopter fleet with an investment in three helicopters from the U.S. Army. This will give its Military and National Guard a modern helicopter capability, with U.S. programs support, until the program is retired in the next 30 years. SINGAPORE: Its current Military capability serves as a stabilizing force to support the autonomy of the state and for humanitarian purposes. A long-standing partnership and military base agreements between Singapore and the U.S. allow for a portion of Singapore’s CH-47 fleet to be stored in the state of Texas. After Hurricane Katrina in the U.S., Singapore assisted with evacuations in New Orleans by deploying its Chinook (CH-47) helicopters to the area. SRI LANKA: In 2004, the Military acquired a 64-meter medium-endurance cutter, the Samudura. The ship’s size enabled the Sri Lankan Navy to extend its reach off the coast and stop the influx of weapons that the terrorist organization, the Liberation Tamil Tigers of Eelam, was bringing ashore. The ship also has been able to help stranded fishermen. m UNITED ARAB EMIRATES: The country expanded its air missile defense capability through the Patriot Missile Program. The multibillion dollar program includes training, maintenance and assistance from U.S. forces in setting up the capability in a long-term military-to-military relationship. YEMEN: Its Coast Guard fleet was modernized to better patrol territorial waters. The USCG has supported the Yemen Coast Guard in advising, training and providing assets during the past decade. In 2011, the USCG transferred two 26.52-meter patrol boats to Yemen. Yemen Coast Guard crews received U.S.-based training on specific systems on the patrol boats and general training and sea trials in the state of Louisiana, where the newly acquired boats were built. Sources: U.S. Air Force, U.S. Army, U.S. Coast Guard,, Sri Lanka Navy The Tools to Combat Maritime Threats Diálogo spoke with Rear Admiral Joseph W. Rixey, director of the U.S. Navy International Programs Office (IPO), about how his office supports the region against the common maritime threats in the Americas. Diálogo: What are the shared maritime threats in the Americas and how does the Navy IPO help address some of those? Rear Admiral Joseph W. Rixey: Most of them are obvious, counternarcotics and counterterrorism, freedom of the seas, counterpiracy, counter illicit activity, protection of the economic activity zone, and the fifth, which we like to highlight, is the humanitarian crisis and natural disaster. We assist them [partner nations] in acquiring whatever equipment and training and capabilities they need to address these threats; we facilitate partner capacity. We coordinate with the Navy, the Marine Corps and the Coast Guard acquisition commands to meet our ally requirements. Diálogo: What are the most important factors of maritime partnerships? Rear Adm. Rixey: The first thing you start with is trust, and mutual respect for each other’s capabilities. We know the threats, and we identify common objectives. What ends up happening is that you come to a design or a capability that meets that, and of course, what is important about maritime partnerships is interoperability. So that when a threat emerges, any emergent situation, they can expect assistance right away, and that assistance would be seamless and coordinated. Diálogo: How are aircraft and ship transfers facilitating interoperability with Latin American and Caribbean partners? Rear Adm. Rixey: The mechanism is that if you trade like products, if you use similar communications data links, interoperability can occur with common military equipment. Mostly, interoperability is associated with the ability to communicate and develop joint interoperable tactics, techniques and procedures in coalition operations. One such example is in humanitarian relief that we saw in Haiti, the ability to establish communications; that is an interoperability mechanism. Diálogo: Can you explain what “cooperative development” looks like in the Americas? Rear Adm. Rixey: We use a mechanism called a master information exchange agreement between the countries, and what these master information exchange information agreements permit is a reciprocal, or bilateral, exchange of research and development information. So, what we do is exchange information, engineers and scientists exchange programs, and basic discussions which lead sometimes to cooperative development of products. We have been doing a lot of information exchanges. [For example,] a cooperative program with Brazil, with green energy, the way that they do green energy, the way they use their biofuels and manufacture their biofuels and we want to learn from that.last_img read more

Want to serve on a Bar Committee?

first_img Want to serve on a Bar Committee? Want to serve on a Bar Committee? December 1, 2004 Regular Newscenter_img The annual committee preference form for Bar members seeking appointments for the presidential term of President-elect Alan Bookman will again only be available on The Florida Bar’s Web site this year.The forms will be posted at beginning December 1. If you do not have access to a computer, you may call (850) 561-5600, ext. 6802, and request a form to be mailed or faxed to you.To apply to serve on a committee, members will have to fill out the committee preference form and submit it online, eliminating the need to mail or fax in the completed form. It will be presented in the same format as usual and should only take a minute or two to complete and submit.The move to an electronic committee preference form saves the Bar approximately $10,000 a year.“During my travels around the state many of you have expressed a desire to become involved in the work of the Bar,” Bookman said. “Your participation can really make a difference and now is the time to let me know.”Bookman said committee work is time-consuming and demanding, but is also extremely rewarding.“It provides an opportunity to have meaningful input into matters that are of great importance to our profession and to work with other lawyers with similar interests,” Bookman said, adding that in making the appointments he will consider pervious history of service to the Bar and local voluntary bar organizations. “Diversity in terms of gender, ethnicity, geographics and area of practice will also be of the utmost importance,” he added.Bookman also said for those who are presently serving on a committee, your level of participation and substantive contribution, together with the evaluation of committee chairs, will be carefully considered in making reappointments.There are roughly 500 appointments to be made, and typically 5,000 Bar members apply.If you are currently serving on a standing committee, check the Bar’s Web site at to determine when your term expires. If your term expires in 2005, you must complete a new form to be considered for reappointment. If you are not currently on a standing committee, and wish to be appointed, complete the form and return it prior to January 14, 2005. If you are serving on a substantive law committee and wish to continue to do so, you also must complete and return this form by January 14, 2005, to retain membership on that committee.“I encourage you to apply and assure you that you will reap the rewards of your efforts,” Bookman said. “I will do my best to accommodate as many applicants as possible and I apologize in advance to those I an not able to appoint.”last_img read more


first_imgTHE 2005-06 BAR JOURNAL DIRECTORY September 1, 2005 Regular News THE 2005-06 BAR JOURNAL DIRECTORY will be mailed over the next few weeks. All active Bar members in good standing receive a directory, and may order extras for $35, plus local sales tax. (Nonmember copies are $45, plus tax.) Extra copies may be ordered by visiting the Bar’s Web site at read more

2 Stylish Kitchens, 2 Different Vibes

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Traditional and contemporary kitchen designs are quite different, yet equally beautiful.Design details that dominate in a traditional kitchen include ornate molding and trim; cabinets in cherry, walnut or mahogany shades; antique fixtures; and appliances with open shelving. This warm and inviting look borrows from American and European homes of the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries.For a more contemporary design, characteristics include a clean look that has no molding or other ornamentation, asymmetric and horizontal lines, streamlined surfaces, and man-made materials such as stainless steel, laminate, concrete chrome, and lacquer. These contemporary styles encompass the 1940s to present, with Italian, German, and Scandinavian influences.To find out which style you prefer, read on.CONTEMPORARY: SLEEK AND CHICShowcase Kitchens took an outdated kitchen and transformed it into a contemporary chic space that this family of five can enjoy for years to come.The new kitchen with its Frank Lloyd Wright-inspired style flows seamlessly with the rest of their Kings Point home.“They wanted their kitchen to be more conducive to the home’s overall style, sleek and clean lines,” says John Starck, the head designer, who had to do a gut renovation for the magic to begin.Some of the notable design features of the room are the vaulted ceiling with skylights and a center island, what Starck describes as “the focal point axis.”“It’s a key signature element I strive to implement in most of my designs,” he says.TRADITIONAL: WARM AND WELCOMINGThis colonial home in Carle Place, built in the early 1900s, had gone through many renovations, including being split into multiple dwelling units, before its current owners purchased the home.“This created an awkward, disjointed layout,” explains Ralph DeFelippis, lead designer with Alure Home Improvements and National Kitchen and Bath Association (NKBA) awardwinning designer. “The family found their dream home but the galley style eat-in kitchen was bursting at the seams.”DeFelippis doubled the square footage and converted the galley into a spacious kitchen with traditional details. The homeowners, who like to cook and entertain, can now whip up gourmet meals and host their friends and family in an attractive space that has abundant counter and storage compartments and multiple cooking zones.last_img read more

The best time for selling a home

first_img continue reading » 46SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr Selling a home can take months, but if you list it during specific dates, so-called “magic windows,” you might be able to speed up the process and sell at a higher price. The windows generally fall in the month of May—something to consider if you plan to sell your home next year.The benefit to listing your home at the right time can be significant. Overall, U.S. homes listed during peak selling periods sell for a premium of $1,700, according to data from housing website Zillow, which analyzed residential listings and sales data from 2008 through 2015. During these periods, homes also went into contract 19 days faster than they do, on average, the rest of the year.While May is generally the best month to sell, the specific weeks depend on variables such as climate and local real estate markets. In some areas, such as New York and Northern New Jersey, the first two weeks of May is typically the optimal time to sell. In other markets, such as San Francisco and Los Angeles, the peak season comes later—during the last two weeks of May.last_img read more

A family home, with plenty of privacy, features dual living options

first_img32 Mars Street, Coorparoo.Mr Smith said his three children had moved out of home and they were looking to downsize.He said the home would best suit a family with teenage children. “It could even be perfect for those looking for dual living options – a family with a grandma they might need to accommodate,” he said. “It could be ideal for students or used as an Airbnb.” The lovely kitchen area at 32 Mars Street, Coorparoo.Blackbutt ceilings and flooring combined with the colours of the bush exude a welcoming warmth.From the living area, two sliding glass doors open to the 13m x 3m veranda. Mr Smith said the deck was his favourite part of the home to relax.“The north-facing veranda overlooks the parkland behind, it’s lovely,” he said. The bedroom at 2 Mars Street, Coorparoo.More from newsCrowd expected as mega estate goes under the hammer7 Aug 2020Hard work, resourcefulness and $17k bring old Ipswich home back to life20 Apr 2020The entrance to the upper level is from the street and opens to a large foyer.A designated well-appointed office is on the left.The spacious open plan design showcases a combined living and dining area, with expansive glass framing the view. 32 Mars Street, Coorparoo.Jenine and Cam Smith were drawn to the Coorparoo area because of its beauty and peacefulness.Their home at 32 Mars St, is an architect-designed new build, finished in 2011.The four-bedroom, three-bathroom home is positioned overlooking a bushland pocket at Coorparoo. The cute deck at 32 Mars Street, Coorparoo.Another standout feature of the home is the gym, which can be used as a media room if desired. Mr Smith said there was also plenty of room to put in a pool.With fantastic neighbours nearby, Mr Smith said street parties were held each year.“You could definitely live quietly here without any interference but also know the neighbours were around to help if you needed anything,” he said.last_img read more

Police: Drug Bust Nets 9 Arrests, Quantity Of Meth

first_imgThe Greensburg Police Department received tips from concerned citizens that led to separate investigations and nine arrests.Police Chief Stacey Chasteen said the department received information regarding a methampethamine operation in a wooded area located in the 500 block of West Main Street. After weeks of surveillance, two individuals were taken into custody on Wednesday night.37-year-old Christopher Imel and 28-year-old Everette Ruble, both of Greensburg, were arrested and booked into the Decatur County Jail under suspicion of dealing methamphetamines.On Wednesday night, detectives from the Greensburg Police Department and Indiana State Police conducted an undercover investigation that led to the purchase of numerous quantities of crystal methamphetamines, the police chief said.Nathan Shafer, 41, and Tracy Faris, 41, both of Greensburg, were arrested. Shafer is accused of dealing methamphetmamines over 3 grams, and Faris is facing charges for allegedly dealing and possession of the drug.Police say the undercover sting led to a search warrant at the home of Faris in the 600 block of W. Park Road in Greensburg.“Inside that residence was located an additional quantity of methamphetamines as well as the materials used for packaging of methamphetamines for distribution,” Chasteen said.Four individuals were arrested for visiting a common nuisance, Chasteen added.“The total amount of methamphetamines recovered from the operation conducted during the evening hours of May 28, was sufficient for numerous dosage units to be distributed throughout Greensburg, Decatur County,” indicated Chasteen.On Friday morning, Margaret Sherman, 40, was apprehended by patrol officers as a result of her alleged participation in arranging the dealing of methamphetamines.“The Greensburg Police Department would like to express its gratitude to members of the public for their continued support and information, which led to the successful completion of this investigation,” Chasteen said.last_img read more

Tyson Fury sets retirement date

first_imgRelatedPosts Tyson Fury to Anthony Joshua: Don’t risk fighting Usyk Anthony Joshua wants Tyson Fury, Wilder fight Joshua: Tyson Fury won’t distract me Tyson Fury has revealed he could retire from boxing by the end of the year. The former heavyweight world champion has said he will fight three more times – including against Deontay Wilder next month – before hanging up his gloves. Fury will bid to become a two-weight ruler on February 22 when he challenges Wilder for a second time following their controversial draw in 2018. He could then face Wilder for a third time this summer – leaving just one more fight before he retires. Responding to promoter Lou Di Bella and WBO president Paco Valcarcel’s suggestion he fights Bakhodir Djalolov, the Briton said: “You think I’m going to wait around for a six-fight novice to build up, haha; I got three fights left I’m out.” Fury was dropped twice by Wilder in their first fight but had still done enough to win before the ringside judges scored the bout a draw. The giant Traveller has fought twice since, beating Tom Schwarz and Otto Wallin, while Wilder has knocked out Dominic Breazeale and Luis Ortiz. The loser of the rematch will have the right to call for a third fight – and earn 40 per cent of the purse. Should Fury win both fights, he could sign off his career with a clash with Anthony Joshua who regained his three heavyweight titles by outpointing Andy Ruiz Jr in their rematch last month. Joshua may first have to face mandatory challengers Kubrat Pulev and Oleksandr Usyk before any unification clash with either Fury or Wilder. Fury and Wilder will not face the press before fight week in Las Vegas with the former claiming his rival is running scared. He said: “This is Tyson Fury AKA the Gypsy King this is a message to Deontay the Bronze Bomber the big p***y Wilder. “He’s not turned up to any of the media events today, blagging he’s got the flu because he doesn’t want to be in the same room as me because I’ll take him to school. “His management team and his full team are afraid to put Deontay Wilder in the same room as Tyson Fury, facts. “Keep him away Al, keep him away Shelly, keep him away his wife. “Deontay, what a little bitch you’ve become. You can’t even come and see me and be face-to-face with me as you know you’ll be taken to school… p***y.”Tags: Lou Di BellaPaco ValcarcelRetirementTyson Furylast_img read more

Miami Infectious Diseases Specialist Says Coronavirus “Likely Won’t Kill You”

first_imgThe Wuhan coronavirus has now killed more than 900 people and there are more than 40-thousand confirmed cases around the world, with the vast majority in China. Jen and Bill just talked with infectious diseases specialist Dr. Aileen Marty from FIU Monday and asked her if the coronavirus is going to kill us.Her answer, “No you have a 98% chance of not dying from the coronavirus.”Dr Aileen Marty won’t dieAileen M. Marty, M.D., F.A.C.P., is a professor of Infectious Diseases in the Department of Medicine at the FIU Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine.Bill also asked Dr. Marty if there’s a chance that this virus was manufactured in a lab which she doubted calling “Mother Nature the biggest terrorist.”Dr. Mary added that the virus originated in bats then spread to another animal. She said it’s important to figure out what that intermediate animal is.Finally Dr. Marty says the virus is spread from person to person within a 3-6 foot radius of a sneeze or cough, but the virus lives on surfaces for several hours so she suggests that you wash your hands frequently and use hand sanitizer to prevent contracting the disease.Listen to the full interview with Dr. Aileen Marty here. read more